How to use a bitcoin paper wallet
In the most specific sense, a paper wallet is a document containing all of the data necessary to generate any number of Bitcoin private keysforming a wallet of keys. However, people often use the term to mean any way of storing bitcoins offline as a physical document.
This second how to use a bitcoin paper wallet also how to use a bitcoin paper wallet paper keys and redeemable codes. A paper key is a single key written on paper that is used multiple times like a wallet this is strongly discouraged.
A redeemable code is a single key intended to be funded and "redeemed" only once: Storing bitcoins on paper wallets is not safe unless very strict security precautions are undertaken during their initial preparation. Generating paper wallets is not recommended from an online PC. Malware malware on the PC may be able to steal your paper wallet keys.
For additional security paper wallets can be split into shares, requiring X of Y shares e. By creating a keypair, one can store bitcoins on a physical medium to be left as a tip or a gift. The recipient then sweeps the private key to their own wallet. A trusted provider can hide the private key inside a tamper-resistant token, and issue them as a form of bitcoins.
This requires those who accept it as payment to trust that when the provider produced the tokens, they loaded them with the correct amount of bitcoins, and that they have not been tampered with since then.
To redeem the bitcoin value, the token must be destroyed to access the private key. Often a bitcoin address is embedded on the outside visible, but there is no guarantee without destroying the token how to use a bitcoin paper wallet this matches the private key inside, or, even if it does, that the private key is not replicated on multiple tokens or saved by the producer.
Proper paper wallets are often a very secure way of storing bitcoins, since they are how to use a bitcoin paper wallet typically exposed to malware. They can also be easily stored securely in safes and safe deposit boxes. However, it may be more difficult to securely "backup" paper wallets, and due to the current sub-optimal software support, it may be easier to make a mistake that causes loss of bitcoins.
Sometimes people try to use single keys as true bitcoin wallets. However how to use a bitcoin paper wallet reuse is very bad for privacy and security. Because of this, one is forced to choose between hazardous options:. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you use proper paper wallets which allow you to generate an infinite number of addresses from a single seed.
Proper, multi-key paper wallets usually take the form of a multi-word HD wallet seed mnemonic. The list of several words corresponds to some binary data that is used to generate all of the addresses. Words are used to make it easier to avoid and correct errors. Trying to memorize an entire seed mnemonic is very difficult and is generally not recommended.
A single key for use in insecure single-key paper wallets or redeemable codes can be represented in several formats, but typically the Wallet Import Format WIF is used, since keys represented that way are very short 51 characters and thus easy to re-enter when importing or "sweeping" it for withdrawal.
The private seed is used to prove your right to spend the bitcoins transferred to the paper wallet, and as such should be kept hidden and secret. If the private seed on a paper wallet is exposed for example in a photograph then the wallet may be used by anyone who sees it. To guard against accidental revelation, the private key displayed on the paper wallet may be encrypted or how to use a bitcoin paper wallet into several different parts for example using Shamir's secret sharing scheme.
At the very least, the private key should be well hidden e. Currently, at least Armory and Electrum support generating mnemonic codes for their wallets, which can be written down or printed to make a multi-key paper wallet. Several tools exist for producing single keys, including Bitcoin Address Utilityvanitygenand Cwallet. Again, using single keys for anything except one-time transfers of bitcoins is strongly discouraged.
Even with careful code auditing, browser plugins or other websites may compromise the environment. Some advanced printers have internal storage even hard drives that preserve copies of printouts. This is a risk if someone gets access to your printer, or if you dispose of your printer. There is also the possibility that a smart enough printer can be hacked. Consider StuxNet which was able to rewrite the firmware of non-computer devices indirectly connected to the Internet If this concerns you, use a "dumb" printer, and never let your printer have access to the Internet or to an Internet-connected computer.
An alternative using a printer for paper wallets is to write the private key and address with your own hand. Base58Check encoding used for Bitcoin addresses and private keys specifically excludes characters that look similar like 0OIl. The mnemonic how to use a bitcoin paper wallet seeds used by wallets like Armory and Electrum are also suitable to be written by hand.
Paper keys, when used as wallets, are very different from wallets such as Bitcoin Core in that there is only one address in a paper key rather than a hundred or more online keys that are managed with full software assistance from Bitcoin Core. Note that importing a private key that may be compromised can result in the entire wallet becoming insecure. For this reason, sweeping or sending the entire amount to a fresh address is generally recommended over plain importing.
Because paper wallets only record the private key and address, wallet software which redeems the bitcoins must somehow learn about the balance of the wallet before being able to spend it.
The solution with the best privacy properties is to import the private key into bitcoin-qt and rescanning. Nobody watching the bitcoin-qt full node from outside will be able to tell which address it's interested in because all the scanning happens locally on disk.
Unfortunately rescanning is quite slow, so most users are pushed towards using public blockchain explorers or Electrum servers. An address database created from all bitcoin addresses is nearly 1 terrabyte in size at of April and takes a long time to build up, so very few people will have this kind of thing locally for the few occasions when they redeem paper wallets.
Almost all wallet software today especially smartphone wallets relies on centralized lookups how to use a bitcoin paper wallet redeeming paper wallets. This is another reason paper wallets are not recommended, the way that they function pushes people to ruin their own privacy. Retrieved from " https: Navigation menu Personal tools Create account Log in. Views Read View source View history.
It turns out there's a tiny gotcha regarding "paper wallets" that could lead to disaster if you're not careful. I've been wanting to get into "cold storage" of my bitcoin for a while now. I've always heard that "paper wallets" are more secure than "hot wallets". So, decided to do some testing of my own to see how it works. Always use a small amount of Bitcoin when testing out paper wallets. I used 10, satoshis on my first test So, let's say you received 3 transactions of 2.
So, now you have 8. Well, yes and no. You actually have 3 tokens, each representing 2. Bitcoin wallets hold coins in the exact amount they were received by the wallet. So, when Bitcoin breaks a larger coin into pieces to make a smaller payment, how to use a bitcoin paper wallet is how to use a bitcoin paper wallet amount remaining that is considered the "change" back.
You get 25 cents change back. The problem is that the change how to use a bitcoin paper wallet to a different address!! You have to specify that address or you lose the BTC. When I sent my first test from a paper wallet, I did not create a new paper wallet for the change. I assumed the change would be sent back to the original address When you need to spend bitcoin from a paper wallet, the full amount of bitcoin should first be swept into a wallet like blockchain.
My advice is, don't try and spend directly from a paper wallet unless you really know what you're doing. If paper wallets scare you, but you need better security A hardware wallet is a special type of bitcoin wallet which stores the user's private keys in a secure hardware device.
How did you "spend" the coin? If you used a regular bitcoin client, it should have automatically created change addresses that would hold the change and therefore be in your control. I think he over looked in haste, easy mistake to make though! Thank you for sharing this information. I would have assumed the same thing you did. You have helped a lot of people! You can also use a ledger nano S https: Or you can import private key in Bitcoin qt, but using blockchain.
Yes when you spend bitcoinsthe how to use a bitcoin paper wallet bitcoins will go by default to other addresses, but these addresses are inside your wallet You don't need to any third party wallet provider like blockchain. When you do how to use a bitcoin paper wallet transaction, check in the blockchain to which addresses the unspent bitcoins went, then open the console in the bitcoin client and write dumpprivkey [Address], you will get the private key of those addresses in case you want to store them or you can simply send all the bitcoins back to the original address, in other words, you never lose control of your funds, just they are sent to other addresses inside your wallet.
By default bitcoin sends the unspent coins to other addresses so its harder to trace the flow of the funds. Great tip about paper wallet. Thanks for letting us know. By the way, do you know where the most up-to-date resource is on all the ins and outs of paper wallets? How I lost Bitcoins using a paper wallet. Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post. Is cold storage safer than paper wallet? Gracias por la info. Very good info to save if you are into bitcoins.
I think I just made back the satoshis I lost This is a great solution. I'm still learning all the command line stuff. One of the best replies i have seen on this site!! Thank you so much for that detail. Good to know thanks for the info. Glad you made back some of the money in steem